mtor-20220503
FALSE000111325600011132562022-05-032022-05-03

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 8-K
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): May 3, 2022
MERITOR, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Indiana     1-15983     38-3354643
(State or other jurisdiction(Commission(IRS Employer
of incorporation)File No.)Identification No.)
2135 West Maple Road
Troy, Michigan
(Address of principal executive offices)
48084-7186
(Zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (248) 435-1000

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
[] Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
[] Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
[] Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
[] Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $1 Par ValueMTORNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (17 CFR §230.405) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (17 CFR §240.12b-2).
Emerging growth company []
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [  ]



Item 2.02. Results of Operations and Financial Condition
    On May 3, 2022, Meritor, Inc. ("Meritor") issued a press release regarding its financial results for the second quarter ended March 31, 2022. The release is furnished as Exhibit 99-a to this Form 8-K.
    The information in item 2.02 of this Form 8-K and the exhibit attached hereto shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall they be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Exchange Act, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such a filing.
Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits
(d) Exhibits
99-a – Press release of Meritor, Inc., dated May 3, 2022
104 – Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)




SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
MERITOR, INC.
By:/s/
Scott M. Confer
Scott M. Confer
Interim Chief Legal Officer and Corporate Secretary


Date: May 3, 2022

Document


https://cdn.kscope.io/150bb890db7c06e78e80561068bbc1b1-meritora03a25.jpg                                     
CONTACTS:
Media Inquiries
Ryan Obert
(248) 435-1701
ryan.obert@meritor.com


Investor Inquiries
Todd Chirillo
(248) 435-1571
todd.chirillo@meritor.com

Meritor Reports Second-Quarter Fiscal Year 2022 Results

TROY, Mich. (May 3, 2022) – Meritor, Inc. (NYSE: MTOR) today reported financial results for its second fiscal quarter that ended March 31, 2022.

Second-Quarter Highlights
Sales of $1,154 million
Net income attributable to Meritor of $62 million and net income from continuing operations attributable to Meritor of $61 million
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $0.85
Adjusted income from continuing operations attributable to the company of $70 million, or $0.98 of adjusted diluted earnings per share
Adjusted EBITDA of $127 million and adjusted EBITDA margin of 11.0 percent
Operating cash flow was negative $17 million
Free cash flow was negative $38 million




Second-Quarter Results
For the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, Meritor posted sales of $1,154 million, up $171 million, or approximately 17 percent, from the same period last year. The increase in sales was primarily driven by higher truck production in most global markets and pricing actions.

Net income attributable to Meritor was $62 million, or $0.86 per diluted share, compared to $63 million, or $0.86 per diluted share, in the same period last year. Net income from continuing operations attributable to Meritor was $61 million, or $0.85 per diluted share, compared to $63 million, or $0.86 per diluted share, in the same period last year. Flat net income year over year was driven primarily by higher sales volumes, pricing actions and lower tax expense, partially offset by increased steel and freight costs, and the recognition of value-added tax credits in Brazil during the second quarter of fiscal year 2021.

Adjusted income from continuing operations attributable to the company in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 was $70 million, or $0.98 of adjusted diluted earnings per share, compared to $50 million, or $0.68 of adjusted diluted earnings per share, in the same period last year.

Adjusted EBITDA was $127 million, compared to $111 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2021. The increase in adjusted EBITDA was driven primarily by higher sales volumes and pricing actions, partially offset by higher steel and freight costs. Adjusted EBITDA margin decreased to 11.0 percent compared to 11.3 percent in the same period last year. The decrease in adjusted EBITDA margin was driven primarily by higher net steel and freight costs which unfavorably impacted the conversion on sales.




Cash used for operating activities was $17 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, compared to cash provided by operating activities of $63 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2021. The decrease in operating cash flow year over year was driven primarily by an increase in working capital requirements.


Second-Quarter Segment Results
Commercial Truck sales for the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 were $938 million, up $161 million, or approximately 21 percent, compared to the same period last year. The increase in sales was primarily driven by higher truck production in most global markets and pricing actions.

Segment adjusted EBITDA for Commercial Truck was $78 million, up $5 million, compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2021. The increase in segment adjusted EBITDA was driven primarily by higher sales volumes, partially offset by higher net steel and freight costs. Segment adjusted EBITDA margin was 8.3 percent in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, compared to 9.4 percent in the same period of the prior year. The decrease in segment adjusted EBITDA margin was primarily driven by higher net steel and freight costs which unfavorably impacted the conversion on sales.

Aftermarket & Industrial sales for the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 were $262 million, up $15 million, or 6 percent, from the same period a year ago. The increase in sales in the second quarter of 2022 was primarily due to pricing actions.

Segment adjusted EBITDA for Aftermarket & Industrial was $44 million, up $10 million, compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2021. Segment adjusted EBITDA margin was 16.8 percent in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, compared to 13.8 percent in the same period of the prior year. The



increase in segment adjusted EBITDA and segment adjusted EBITDA margin was primarily driven by pricing actions, partially offset by higher freight costs.

In the second fiscal quarter of 2022, the company announced the planned acquisition of Meritor by Cummins. The Hart-Scott-Rodino (HSR) antitrust waiting period expired on April 6, 2022. A special shareholder meeting will be held on May 26, 2022 seeking the approval of Meritor’s shareholders for the proposed transaction.

“I am extremely proud of the team’s outstanding performance in the second quarter,” said Chris Villavarayan, CEO and president of Meritor. “Despite severe macro headwinds, we continue to deliver strong financial results. In addition, we expect the Cummins transaction to close by year-end, subject to all closing conditions being met.”

About Meritor
Meritor, Inc. is a leading global supplier of drivetrain, mobility, braking, aftermarket and electric powertrain solutions for commercial vehicle and industrial markets. With more than a 110-year legacy of providing innovative products that offer superior performance, efficiency and reliability, the company serves commercial truck, trailer, off-highway, defense, specialty and aftermarket customers around the world. Meritor is based in Troy, Michigan, United States, and is made up of approximately 9,600 diverse employees who apply their knowledge and skills in manufacturing facilities, engineering centers, joint ventures, distribution centers and global offices in 19 countries. Meritor common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol MTOR. For important information, visit the company's website at www.meritor.com.





Forward-Looking Statement
This release contains statements relating to future results of the company (including certain outlooks, projections and business trends) that are "forward-looking statements" as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words or phrases such as "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "should," "are likely to be," "will" and similar expressions. Actual results may differ materially from those projected as a result of certain risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstances that could give rise to the termination of the merger agreement pursuant to which the company would become a wholly owned subsidiary of Cummins Inc. (the "Merger"); the failure to obtain approval for the Merger from the company's shareholders, the failure to obtain certain required regulatory approvals or the failure to satisfy any of the other closing conditions to the completion of the Merger within the expected timeframes or at all; risks related to disruption of management’s attention from ongoing business operations due to the Merger; the effect of the announcement of the Merger on the ability to retain and hire key personnel and maintain relationships with customers, suppliers and others with whom the company does business, or on operating results and business generally; the ability to meet expectations regarding the timing and completion of the Merger; the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on public health, the global economy and financial markets, as well as our industry, customers, operations, workforce, supply chains, distribution systems and demand for our products; the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine; reliance on major OEM customers and possible negative outcomes from contract negotiations with our major customers, including failure to negotiate acceptable terms in contract renewal negotiations and our ability to obtain new customers; the outcome of actual and potential product liability, warranty and recall claims; our ability to successfully manage rapidly changing volumes in the commercial truck markets and work with our customers to manage demand expectations in view of rapid changes in production levels; global economic and market cycles and conditions; availability and sharply rising costs of raw materials, including steel, transportation and labor, and our ability to manage or recover such costs; technological changes in our industry as a result of the trends toward electrified drivetrains and the integration of advanced electronics and their impact on the demand for our products and services; our ability to manage possible adverse effects on European markets or our European operations, or financing arrangements related thereto in the event one or more countries exit the European monetary union; risks inherent in operating abroad (including foreign currency exchange rates, restrictive government actions regarding trade, implications of foreign regulations relating to pensions and potential disruption of production and supply due to terrorist attacks or acts of aggression); risks related to our joint ventures; the ability to achieve the expected benefits of strategic initiatives and restructuring actions; the demand for commercial and specialty vehicles for which we supply products; whether our liquidity will be affected by declining vehicle production in the future; OEM program delays; demand for and market acceptance of new and existing products; successful development and launch of new products; labor relations of our company, our suppliers and customers, including potential disruptions in supply of parts to our facilities or demand for our products due to work stoppages; the financial condition of our suppliers and customers, including potential bankruptcies; possible adverse effects of any future suspension of normal trade credit terms by our suppliers; potential impairment of long-lived assets, including goodwill; potential adjustment of the value of deferred tax assets; competitive product and pricing pressures; the amount of our debt; our ability to continue to comply with covenants in our financing agreements; our ability to access capital markets; credit ratings of our debt; the outcome of existing and any future legal proceedings, including any proceedings or related liabilities with respect to environmental, asbestos-related, or other matters; rising costs of pension benefits; possible changes in accounting rules; and other substantial costs, risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to those detailed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2021 and from time to time in other filings of the company with the SEC. These forward-looking statements are made only as of the date hereof, and the company undertakes no obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as otherwise required by law.

All earnings per share amounts are on a diluted basis. The company's fiscal year ends on the Sunday nearest Sept. 30, and its fiscal quarters generally end on the Sundays nearest Dec. 31, March 31 and June 30. All year and quarter references relate to the company's fiscal year and fiscal quarters, unless otherwise stated.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
In addition to the results reported in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"), we have provided information regarding non-GAAP financial measures.



These non-GAAP financial measures include adjusted income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to the company, adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, segment adjusted EBITDA, segment adjusted EBITDA margin, free cash flow and free cash flow conversion.

Adjusted income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to the company and adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations are defined as reported income (loss) from continuing operations and reported diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations before restructuring expenses, asset impairment charges and other special items as determined by management. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as income (loss) from continuing operations before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, non-controlling interests in consolidated joint ventures, loss on sale of receivables, restructuring expenses, asset impairment charges and other special items as determined by management. Adjusted EBITDA margin is defined as adjusted EBITDA divided by consolidated sales from continuing operations. Segment adjusted EBITDA is defined as income (loss) from continuing operations before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, noncontrolling interests in consolidated joint ventures, loss on sale of receivables, restructuring expense, asset impairment charges and other special items as determined by management. Segment adjusted EBITDA excludes unallocated legacy and corporate expense (income), net. Segment adjusted EBITDA margin is defined as segment adjusted EBITDA divided by consolidated sales from continuing operations, either in the aggregate or by segment as applicable. Free cash flow is defined as cash flows provided by (used for) operating activities less capital expenditures. Free cash flow conversion is defined as free cash flow over adjusted income from continuing operations attributable to the company. Beginning in the second quarter of fiscal year 2021, the company no longer includes an adjustment for non-cash tax expense related to the use of deferred tax assets in jurisdictions with net operating loss carryforwards or tax credits in adjusted



income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to the company and adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations.

Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to both management and investors in their analysis of the company's financial position and results of operations. In particular, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, segment adjusted EBITDA, segment adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to the company, adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations and free cash flow conversion are meaningful measures of performance to investors as they are commonly utilized to analyze financial performance in our industry, perform analytical comparisons, measure value creation, benchmark performance between periods and measure our performance against externally communicated targets.
Free cash flow is used by investors and management to analyze our ability to service and repay debt and return value directly to shareholders. Free cash flow conversion is a specific financial measure of our M2022 plan used to measure the company's ability to convert earnings to free cash flow and provides useful information about our ability to achieve strategic goals.

Management uses the aforementioned non-GAAP financial measures for planning and forecasting purposes, and segment adjusted EBITDA is also used as the primary basis for the Chief Operating Decision Maker ("CODM") to evaluate the performance of each of our reportable segments.

Our Board of Directors uses adjusted EBITDA margin, free cash flow, adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations and free cash flow conversion as key metrics to determine management’s performance under our performance-based compensation plans, provided that, solely for this purpose, adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations also includes



an adjustment for the use of deferred tax assets in jurisdictions with net operating loss carryforwards or tax credits.

Adjusted income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to the company, adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, segment adjusted EBITDA, segment adjusted EBITDA margin and free cash flow conversion should not be considered a substitute for the reported results prepared in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net income or cash flow conversion calculations as an indicator of our financial performance. Free cash flow and free cash flow conversion should not be considered a substitute for cash provided by (used for) operating activities, or other cash flow statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP, or as a measure of financial position or liquidity. In addition, these non-GAAP cash flow measures do not reflect cash used to repay debt or cash received from the divestitures of businesses or sales of other assets and thus do not reflect funds available for investment or other discretionary uses. These non-GAAP financial measures, as determined and presented by the company, may not be comparable to related or similarly titled measures reported by other companies. Set forth below are reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP.



MERITOR, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2022202120222021
Sales$1,154 $983 $2,138 $1,872 
Cost of sales(1,017)(835)(1,874)(1,609)
GROSS PROFIT137 148 264 263 
Selling, general and administrative(70)(69)(132)(134)
Other operating expense, net(1)(2)(4)(9)
OPERATING INCOME66 77 128 120 
Other income, net14 23 28 37 
Equity in earnings of affiliates11 5 18 16 
Interest expense, net(12)(17)(25)(45)
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES79 88 149 128 
Provision for income taxes(15)(22)(27)(29)
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS64 66 122 99 
INCOME FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS, net of tax1  1  
NET INCOME65 66 123 99 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(3)(3)(7)(4)
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO MERITOR, INC.$62 $63 $116 $95 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO MERITOR, INC.
Net income from continuing operations$61 $63 $115 $95 
Income from discontinued operations1  1  
Net income$62 $63 $116 $95 
DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE
Continuing operations$0.85 $0.86 $1.61 $1.30 
Discontinued operations0.01  0.02  
Diluted earnings per share$0.86 $0.86 $1.63 $1.30 
Diluted average common shares outstanding71.4 73.4 71.3 73.3 







MERITOR, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(Unaudited)
(in millions)
March 31,
2022
September 30,
2021
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents$115 $101 
Receivables, trade and other, net769 534 
Inventories719 601 
Other current assets60 50 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS1,663 1,286 
NET PROPERTY511 517 
GOODWILL504 507 
OTHER ASSETS644 628 
TOTAL ASSETS$3,322 $2,938 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Short-term debt$114 $19 
Accounts and notes payable779 573 
Other current liabilities297 308 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES1,190 900 
LONG-TERM DEBT1,025 1,008 
RETIREMENT BENEFITS171 191 
OTHER LIABILITIES216 224 
TOTAL LIABILITIES2,602 2,323 
EQUITY:
Common stock (March 31, 2022 and September 30, 2021, 104.7 and 104.0 shares issued and 70.8 and 70.1 shares outstanding, respectively)
106 105 
Additional paid-in capital765 798 
Retained earnings1,068 935 
Treasury stock, at cost (March 31, 2022 and September 30, 2021, 33.9 and 33.9 shares, respectively)
(632)(632)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(628)(632)
Total equity attributable to Meritor, Inc.679 574 
Noncontrolling interests 41 41 
TOTAL EQUITY 720 615 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY $3,322 $2,938 






MERITOR, INC.
ADJUSTED EBITDA AND SEGMENT ADJUSTED EBITDA-RECONCILIATION
Non-GAAP
AND
CONSOLIDATED BUSINESS SEGMENT SALES INFORMATION
(Unaudited)
(in millions)

Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2022202120222021
Net income attributable to Meritor, Inc.$62 $63 $116 $95 
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax, attributable to Meritor, Inc.(1) (1) 
Income from continuing operations, net of tax, attributable to Meritor, Inc.$61 $63 $115 $95 
Interest expense, net12 17 25 45 
Provision for income taxes15 22 27 29 
Depreciation and amortization25 25 50 52 
Noncontrolling interests3 3 7 4 
Loss on sale of receivables2 1 3 2 
Transaction costs (1)
9  9  
Restructuring 2 4 8 
Brazil VAT Credit (2)
 (22) (22)
Adjusted EBITDA$127 $111 $240 $213 
  Adjusted EBITDA margin (3)
11.0 %11.3 %11.2 %11.4 %
Unallocated legacy and corporate income, net (4)
(5)(4)(11)(8)
Segment adjusted EBITDA$122 $107 $229 $205 
Commercial Truck
Segment adjusted EBITDA$78 $73 $147 $136 
Segment adjusted EBITDA margin (5)
8.3 %9.4 %8.5 %9.3 %
Aftermarket & Industrial
Segment adjusted EBITDA$44 $34 $82 $69 
Segment adjusted EBITDA margin (5)
16.8 %13.8 %16.3 %14.3 %
Sales
Commercial Truck$938 $777 $1,723 $1,468 
Aftermarket & Industrial262 247 503 481 
Intersegment Sales(46)(41)(88)(77)
Total Sales$1,154 $983 $2,138 $1,872 
(1) Represents transaction expenses primarily related to the Merger.
(2) Amount relates to a pre-tax loss recovery, net of legal expenses, on the overpayment of VAT in Brazil.
(3) Adjusted EBITDA margin equals adjusted EBITDA divided by consolidated sales from continuing operations.
(4) Unallocated legacy and corporate income, net represents items that are not directly related to the company's business segments. These items primarily include pension and retiree medical costs associated with sold businesses and other legacy costs for environmental.
(5) Segment adjusted EBITDA margin equals segment adjusted EBITDA divided by consolidated sales from continuing operations, either in the aggregate or by segment as applicable.



MERITOR, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(in millions)
Six Months Ended March 31,
20222021
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Income from continuing operations$122 $99 
Adjustments to income from continuing operations to arrive at cash provided by (used for) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization50 52 
Deferred income tax expense  2 
Restructuring costs4 8 
Equity in earnings of affiliates(18)(16)
Stock compensation expense8 10 
Pension and retiree medical income(27)(26)
Loss on debt extinguishment 8 
Dividends received from equity method investments5 2 
Pension and retiree medical contributions(4)(6)
Restructuring payments(8)(8)
Changes in off-balance sheet accounts receivable securitization and factoring programs88 35 
Changes in receivables, inventories and accounts payable(225)(63)
Changes in other current assets and liabilities(20)5 
Changes in other assets and liabilities(10)5 
Operating cash flows provided by (used for) continuing operations(35)107 
Operating cash flows used for discontinued operations(3) 
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED FOR) OPERATING ACTIVITIES(38)107 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Capital expenditures(39)(26)
Other investing activities5 (3)
CASH USED FOR INVESTING ACTIVITIES(34)(29)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Borrowing and securitization95  
Proceeds from debt issuances 275 
Redemption of notes (281)
Redemption of convertible notes (53)
Debt issuance costs (5)
Term loan payments(9)(7)
Other financing activities (1)
Net change in debt86 (72)
Repurchase of common stock  
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED FOR) FINANCING ACTIVITIES86 (72)
EFFECT OF CHANGES IN FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES ON CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS  
CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS14 6 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD101 315 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD$115 $321 



MERITOR, INC.
FREE CASH FLOW — RECONCILIATION
Non-GAAP
(Unaudited, in millions)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2022202120222021
Cash provided by (used for) operating activities$(17)$63 $(38)$107 
Capital expenditures(21)(16)(39)(26)
Free cash flow$(38)$47 $(77)$81 






MERITOR, INC.
ADJUSTED INCOME AND EARNINGS PER SHARE — RECONCILIATION
Non-GAAP
(Unaudited)
(in millions, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2022
2021
2022
2021
Income from continuing operations attributable to the company$61 $63 $115 $95 
Adjustments:
Restructuring 2 4 8 
Loss on debt extinguishment   8 
Brazil VAT Credit (1)
 (22) (22)
Transaction costs (2)
9  9  
Tax effect of adjustments (3)
 7 (1)4 
Adjusted income from continuing operations attributable to the company$70 $50 $127 $93 
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations$0.85 $0.86 $1.61 $1.30 
Impact of adjustments on diluted earnings per share0.13 (0.18)0.17 (0.03)
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations$0.98 $0.68 $1.78 $1.27 
Diluted average common shares outstanding71.4 73.4 71.3 73.3 
(1) Amount relates to a pre-tax loss recovery, net of legal expenses, on the overpayment of VAT in Brazil.
(2) Represents transaction expenses primarily related to the Merger.
(3) Amount for the six months ended March 31, 2022 includes $1 million of income tax benefits related to restructuring. The three months ended March 31, 2021 includes $7 million of income tax expense related to the Brazilian VAT Credit. The six months ended March 31, 2021 includes $7 million of income tax expense related to the Brazilian VAT Credit, $2 million of income tax benefits for the loss on debt extinguishment and $1 million of income tax benefits related to restructuring.